You never know when you’ll have to fight for your survival, so it’s always smart to be prepared. Here are basic survival skills that everyone should know.
Whether you’re out on a hike or have driven to an overpass to take scenic pictures, you never know when you’re going to be in a survival situation.
Maybe the car isn’t starting and you’re in the middle of nowhere. Or you lose your bearings when trekking.
In either case, you’ll need to know some key basic survival skills – as these may be your best bet of making it out alive.
Read on to learn what you need to know!
1. Finding water
People can go for days without food, even weeks. But when it comes to water, forget it. Our bodies are primarily made up of water. Our brains are 75% water!
So, going without water for several hours puts our health in jeopardy. We risk critical dehydration. Or worse, death.
It’s important to monitor your body for signs of dehydration.
Some dehydration symptoms include:
- Rapid heart rate
- Low urine output
- Low sweat and tear output
- In critical situations, inability to produce urine, sweat, or tears
What speeds up this process?
Exposure to the elements and physical activity.
Think about it. When you’re out under the sun, you’re going to sweat. Combine that with movement—whether that’s searching for food or rescue—and you’re going to have some serious water loss.
What can you do?
Do as the grazing animals do. Follow them around dawn and dusk. This is the time when they go to a water source.
Also, keep your ears on alert for flies and mosquitos. Typically, they’re 400 feet within range of water.
When you do find water, make sure it isn’t stagnant. Stagnant water is a breeding ground for bacteria and microbes.
It’s recommended for you to immediately boil this water. Even if the water is flowing. Doing this further eliminates your chance of getting sick.
Besides this, keep some aqua tabs and a life straw water filter on you. Which will lower your chances even more of catching a bug.
2. Building a shelter
Let’s face it. We’re “indoor animals.” We don’t have coats. So we need a shelter to provide safety and security for us from the elements. (This is an important out of the basic survival skills.)
Fill up a trash bag or tarp with leaves and grass. Then convert this into your roof.
You can also build a simple A-frame out of large branches.
3. Making a fire
Fire wards off animals and can serve as a rescue signal.
It’s recommended to have a lighter on you. But if you don’t, you can always use glasses (or even a bottle!).
Make sure your fire is away from any other wood. Think logs, branches, stumps, and leaves.
You want a contained fire, not a forest fire.
4. Personal Protection
You’ll need to be on the lookout for more predatory animals. If you do come across say a wild dog or wolf, stand down. Face the animal. But as you do, slowly walk away from it. (Maintaining or deterring from eye contact is determined by the type of animal you come across.)
If on the off chance the wolf or wild dog does charge, keep your non-dominant arm in front of you. Once they lock their jaws, they don’t normally release.
While they are locked onto your dominant arm, you can strike them with your dominant arm.
(Note this is unlikely to happen. But it doesn’t hurt to know.)
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